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02 June 2009

Diabetic KETOACIDOSIS


Chronically high blood glucose, hyperglycemia, substantially increase the risk for long term complications. BUt, it also present more immediately dangers for people with type 1 diabetes. If their blood sugar runs too high, it can cause dehydration and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA. THough this relative rare and preventable, DKA is an emergency that, if untreated, can lead to coma, and possibly, death. DKA occurs when insulin falls to critically low level because yo missed insulin injections or used too little insulins during a period of illness or unusual stress. In some people, type 1 diabetes announces itself with an episode of DKA. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, rapid breathing, nausea,vomiting,fatigue,abdominal pain and "fruity" breath. In DKA, the body tries to rid itself of one type of ketone, called acetone, through your lungs. ACetone gives breath a fruity odor. The can also expel ketones through urine. If you detect DKA early, before dehydration and full-blown acidosis develop, you can easily treat it at home by drinking extra fluids and taking more insulin. The key to preventing DKA are to detect worsening glucose control early and never stop your insulin, even if your too sick to eat.

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